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Latest Volcano Stories

Volcanic Eruptions Predicted With Satellite Imagery
2012-11-05 14:28:53

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In a new report published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, two scientists showed they may now be able to detect signs of an impending volcanic eruption by analyzing satellite imagery. Using Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) over the active volcanoes in Indonesia's west Sunda arc, the vulcanologists from University of Miami uncovered evidence that showed the ℠inflation´ of several volcanoes prior to...

Hawaiian Volcanoes Compete For The Same Magma Supply
2012-10-24 06:12:27

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online About 50 miles underground, there is a deep connection between two of Earth's most notable volcanoes, Hawaii's Mauna Loa and Kilauea, that could explain some of their enigmatic behavior. A new study, led by Rice University, is the first to model paired volcano interactions. It explains how a link in Earth's upper mantle could account for the competition between Kiluea and Mauna Loa for the same deep magma supply. The results of this...

Astronomers Monitor Volcanic Activity On Jupiter’s Moon Io From Earth
2012-10-17 11:01:21

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Watching active volcanic eruptions should be done so from a safe distance. Observing active eruptions here on Earth can be easily accomplished from the comfort of your home with proper equipment. But observing an Earthen volcanic eruption from home is nothing when compared to what a group of California researchers have been privy to. Using an ingenious combination of ground-based telescopic surveys and archival data, the Golden...

Volcanic Eruptions Driven By Bubble Growth
2012-10-17 04:36:06

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online From Pompeii to Mount St. Helens, we humans have watched in awe, and sometimes horror, the magnificence of volcanic eruptions. As detailed in a great article earlier this month by redOrbit´s own Lee Rannals, monogenetic volcanoes, volcanoes erupting due to the combination of water and magma, are driven by a rapid expansion of gas bubbles that form as the water, previously trapped in molten rock, rises beneath the volcano....

Indonesia Volcano Lets Out Roar Over Weekend
2012-10-08 14:49:15

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online An active Indonesian volcano erupted once again, spewing out clouds of ash and alarming residents as far as three miles away. Mount Lokon, a 5,214-feet volcano on northeast Sulawesi island, has been very active recently, and on Sunday it added another eruption to its track record. Since its biggest eruption in July 2011, when over 5,200 people were evacuated, Mount Lokon has erupted and spewed clouds of ash about 600 times....

Monogenetic Volcanoes Lead Violent Lives
2012-10-03 19:23:35

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A new study is shedding light on the violent lives of monogenetic volcanoes, which erupt when magma and water meet. These volcanoes erupt beneath the surface of the Earth just once before dying, although some eruptions can last for years. Greg A. Valentine, PhD, a University at Buffalo geology professor, said not much is known about maar-diatremes volcanoes. "The hazards that are associated with these volcanoes tend to be...

Guatemala’s Fuego Volcano Erupts, Thousands Flee Their Homes
2012-09-13 19:09:56

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Guatemala´s Volcan del Fuego, one of the country´s most famous tourist attractions, erupted Thursday, spewing a cloud of ash more than 2 miles into the sky and forcing authorities to order the evacuation of thousands as lava raced down the mountain´s slopes. More than 33,000 residents in surrounding communities were ordered to leave their homes and seek shelter at safer grounds after a series of powerful eruptions...

Greek Island Volcano Ballooning With Magma, Eruptions Not Imminent Researchers Say
2012-09-10 11:42:44

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New scientific data from the Greek isle of Santorini has shown signs of unrest for the first time in more than 50 years, and could be evidence of an impending eruption similar to the one that last struck in 1950, but far less catastrophic than the one that wiped out Minoan settlements on the island of Crete some 3,600 years ago. The Santorini volcanic eruption circa-1650 BC formed a large crater, or caldera, which is now flooded...

Indonesia Volcano Unleashes Cloud Of Ash, Warnings Issued
2012-09-05 15:02:13

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Clouds of volcanic ash from Anak Krakatau, or child of Krakatau, have become so prominent in recent days that Indonesian authorities have issued a warning for local residents and tourists. "The ash was carried by wind from the southeast to the south, reaching Bandarlampung," Nurhuda, head of the observation and information section of the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) in Lampung province told state news agency...

The Smell Of Grímsvötn
2012-09-05 12:11:57

While piloting a commercial transatlantic flight last year, Captain Klaus Sievers and his crew got a whiff of an unusual odor. In a confined space 10 km up in the air, there was only one thing it could be. The foul smell with traces of sulphur in the cockpit came from none other than the Grímsvötn volcano that was spewing gas and ash from southeast Iceland. Sulphur dioxide often indicates volcanic ash, and the presence of ash in the atmosphere can endanger jet...


Latest Volcano Reference Libraries

Mount Nyiragongo
2014-08-28 11:22:30

Mount Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano is part of the Virunga Mountains and is located in Virunga National Park. It reaches an elevation of 11,385 feet and has a crater that reaches 1.2 miles in width. This crater typically holds a lava lake that has varied between 2,000 and 10,660 feet in depth. It is not known how long this volcano has been active, but at least 34 eruptions have been recorded since 1882. Mount...

Galeras
2014-08-28 10:56:28

Galeras is a stratovolcano that is located in Nariño, a Colombian controlled territory. This volcano, which reaches a height of 14,029 feet, is highly active and the most active volcano in Colombia. It primarily contains andesite and holds two calderas that were created by eruptions in the past 560,000 years. Although it is shaped like a horseshoe, eruptions have caused a cone shaped structure to build up in one of the calderas. It was labeled a Decade Volcano in 1991, despite its recent...

Hualālai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Zubair Group
2014-04-10 10:08:46

Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down, followed by a period of explosive and effusive eruptions that formed the islands that are present...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

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Word of the Day
malpais
  • The ragged surface of a lava-flow.
'Malpais' translates from Spanish as 'bad land.'