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Latest Volcano Stories

Global Warming Cooled Down By Volcanic Eruptions
2014-02-25 04:32:25

[ Watch the Video: Global Warming Cooled By Volcanoes ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory report they have found that volcanic eruptions in the early part of the 21st century have cooled the planet. The total heat content of the ocean, along with global-mean temperatures at the surface of the planet and in the troposphere have shown relatively little warming since 1998. This “slow-down” has been the topic of...

Two Sources Of Helium Produced By Ancient Yellowstone Activity
2014-02-20 07:33:51

[ Watch the Video: Yellowstone Releasing Ancient Helium ] Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As one might expect, Yellowstone National Park’s hot springs, geysers and other hydrothermal vents release gases stored deep below the Earth, including carbon dioxide and methane. Another gas has also been discovered to be squeaking out of Yellowstone’s vents, and while it is a common gas released from volcanic rocks, in this region, most of it comes from a much...

Permian Mass Extinction May Have Happened In The Blink Of An Eye
2014-02-11 05:07:01

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Approximately 252 million years ago, the largest mass extinction event in the history of animal life on Earth occurred — wiping out more than 96 percent of marine species and 70 percent of terrestrial species. This included the largest insects known to have inhabited the planet. Scientists have explored many theories to explain the cause of the end-Permian extinction, as it came to be known. Those theories include an asteroid...

Iceland's Basalt Pillars Not From Warring Trolls, As Folk Legend Has It
2014-02-04 13:18:11

[ Watch the Video: Trolls Not Responsible For Iceland's Basalt Pillars ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Icelandic trolls are not responsible for shaping the basalt pillars found on the island, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. Folklore says that mysterious basalt pillars found in Iceland were created by a pair of angry trolls who hurled rocks at one another. However, the new study says that these...

Large Magma Chamber Sits Below World’s Most Active Volcano
2014-01-29 13:29:50

[ Watch the Video: What's Bubbling Below The Kilauea Volcano? ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science researchers have discovered a large magma chamber below the world’s most active volcano. The new discovery is the first geophysical observation that large magma chambers exist in the deeper parts of Kilauea. For the study, the team analyzed the seismic waves that travel through the volcano....

Source Of Galapagos Volcano
2014-01-21 14:35:32

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new analysis from a team of American researchers has found the volcanic plume that created the Galapagos Islands isn’t where models have projected it. The study team said their findings could also explain volcanic activity around the islands. According to the study, which was published on Sunday the journal Nature Geoscience, the Galapagos plume is at a depth of 155 miles, approximately 100 miles southeast of the westernmost island...

Volcanic Rock Age Suggests Catalhoyuk Mural Could Be Based On Turkish Eruption
2014-01-09 09:36:28

Public Library of Science Volcanic rock dating suggests the painting of a Çatalhöyük mural may have overlapped with an eruption in Turkey according to results published January 8, 2014, in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Axel Schmitt from the University of California Los Angeles and colleagues from other institutions. Scientists analyzed rocks from the nearby Hasan Dagi volcano in order to determine whether it was the volcano depicted in the mural from ~6600 BC in the...

Supervolcanoes And Volcanic Activity
2014-01-06 03:54:43

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online One team of researchers has uncovered the factors that determine the frequency and magnitude of volcanic activity, while another has identified the triggers for the rare and explosive eruptions experienced by supervolcanoes, according to studies currently appearing in the advanced online edition of the journal Nature Geoscience. In one paper, ETH-Zurich professor Carmen Sanchez-Valle and her colleagues used an X-ray beam at the...

2013-12-20 10:18:03

GSA Bulletin articles posted online ahead of print on 6 and 13 December 2013 cover earthquake hazards of the Santa Barbara suburban area; apatite and the skeletons of early animals; the peculiar geological features of Faial (Azores, Portugal); the nature of Mount Rainier; the origin of Pearya terrane, Canada; a re-interpretation of the Chilhowee Group of the Appalachian Blue Ridge; and more. Authors hale from the U.S., Italy, South Africa, and Canada. GSA Bulletin articles published ahead...

YellowStone's Volcanic Caldera Much More Super Than Estimated
2013-12-17 15:35:14

[ Watch the Video: Yellowstone Volcano Bigger Than Estimated ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A supervolcano located in Yellowstone National Park is much larger than previously thought, according to research presented at the American Geophysical Union last week. The new study finds the supervolcano is about 2.5 times bigger than earlier estimates, stretching for more than 55 miles. Researchers used a network of seismometers situated around the national park to...


Latest Volcano Reference Libraries

Hualālai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Zubair Group
2014-04-10 10:08:46

Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down, followed by a period of explosive and effusive eruptions that formed the islands that are present...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

Askja
2014-04-09 16:13:20

Askja is an active stratovolcano that is located in the isolated central highlands in Iceland. It reaches an elevation of 4,974 feet and its name literally means caldera, or box, in the Icelandic language. The area can only be reached during a period of a few months and because it located in the rain shadow of the Vatnajökull glacier to the northeast, it only receives 17.7 inches of rain per year. One of Askja’s smaller craters holds a lake known as Öskjuvatn, which is often frozen over...

Santa María Volcano
2014-04-09 10:58:40

Santa María Volcano is an active stratovolcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Sierra Madre, a string of volcanoes that stretches across the western side of Guatemala. The volcanoes in this string were formed by subduction activity, when the Cocos Plate moved under the Caribbean Plate. An eruption in 1902 produced a crater that now holds a lava dome known as Santiaguito, which was created during another eruption in 1922. These domes hold active vents and in 1929, part of the...

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