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Latest Volcano Stories

Sunset Colors In Famous Paintings Used To Estimate Past Pollution Levels
2014-03-26 07:06:50

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The colors used by legendary artists of the past to depict a sunset could be used to estimate pollution levels in the atmosphere during bygone days, according to research published Tuesday in the open-access journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. Lead author Christos Zerefos, a professor of atmospheric physics at the Academy of Athens in Greece, and his colleagues showed that paintings of famous artists reveal the ash and gas...

Newly exposed fault scarp
2014-03-25 08:07:09

GFZ GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Helmholtz Centre Rift valleys are large depressions formed by tectonic stretching forces. Volcanoes often occur in rift valleys, within the rift itself or on the rift flanks as e.g. in East Africa. The magma responsible for this volcanism is formed in the upper mantle and ponds at the boundary between crust and mantle. For many years, the question of why volcanoes develop outside the rift zone in an apparently unexpected location offset by tens of...

Ice Age Flora And Fauna May Have Relied On Volcanic Heat To Thrive
2014-03-12 05:43:40

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Several types of plants and animals were able to survive ice ages of the past thanks to the heat and steam produced by volcanoes, according to research appearing in a recent edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Dr. Ceridwen Fraser of the Australian National University, Dr. Aleks Terauds from the Australian Antarctic Division and their colleagues said that their research has helped solve a...

Magma Chamber Of Galapagos' Sierra Negra Volcano Imaged In 3D
2014-03-06 10:01:48

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Some of the most active volcanoes in the world can be found in the Galapagos Islands. These volcanoes are responsible for more than 50 eruptions in the last 200 years. Even with such activity, scientists knew far more about the history of finches, tortoises and iguanas on the islands than the volcanoes upon which these unusual fauna had evolved. A new study from the University of Rochester, published in the Journal of Geophysical...

Lava Floods Mars Ancient Plains
2014-03-06 09:30:21

ESA Two distinct volcanic eruptions have flooded this area of Daedalia Planum with lava, flowing around an elevated fragment of ancient terrain. The images were acquired by ESA’s Mars Express on 28 November 2013 towards the eastern boundary of the gigantic Tharsis Montes volcanic region, where the largest volcanoes on Mars are found. The lava flows seen in this image come from Arsia Mons, the southernmost volcano in the Tharsis complex, which lies around 1000 km to the northwest of...

Global Warming Cooled Down By Volcanic Eruptions
2014-02-25 04:32:25

[ Watch the Video: Global Warming Cooled By Volcanoes ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory report they have found that volcanic eruptions in the early part of the 21st century have cooled the planet. The total heat content of the ocean, along with global-mean temperatures at the surface of the planet and in the troposphere have shown relatively little warming since 1998. This “slow-down” has been the topic of...

Two Sources Of Helium Produced By Ancient Yellowstone Activity
2014-02-20 07:33:51

[ Watch the Video: Yellowstone Releasing Ancient Helium ] Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As one might expect, Yellowstone National Park’s hot springs, geysers and other hydrothermal vents release gases stored deep below the Earth, including carbon dioxide and methane. Another gas has also been discovered to be squeaking out of Yellowstone’s vents, and while it is a common gas released from volcanic rocks, in this region, most of it comes from a much...

Permian Mass Extinction May Have Happened In The Blink Of An Eye
2014-02-11 05:07:01

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Approximately 252 million years ago, the largest mass extinction event in the history of animal life on Earth occurred — wiping out more than 96 percent of marine species and 70 percent of terrestrial species. This included the largest insects known to have inhabited the planet. Scientists have explored many theories to explain the cause of the end-Permian extinction, as it came to be known. Those theories include an asteroid...

Iceland's Basalt Pillars Not From Warring Trolls, As Folk Legend Has It
2014-02-04 13:18:11

[ Watch the Video: Trolls Not Responsible For Iceland's Basalt Pillars ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Icelandic trolls are not responsible for shaping the basalt pillars found on the island, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. Folklore says that mysterious basalt pillars found in Iceland were created by a pair of angry trolls who hurled rocks at one another. However, the new study says that these...

Large Magma Chamber Sits Below World’s Most Active Volcano
2014-01-29 13:29:50

[ Watch the Video: What's Bubbling Below The Kilauea Volcano? ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science researchers have discovered a large magma chamber below the world’s most active volcano. The new discovery is the first geophysical observation that large magma chambers exist in the deeper parts of Kilauea. For the study, the team analyzed the seismic waves that travel through the volcano....


Latest Volcano Reference Libraries

Mount Nyiragongo
2014-08-28 11:22:30

Mount Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano is part of the Virunga Mountains and is located in Virunga National Park. It reaches an elevation of 11,385 feet and has a crater that reaches 1.2 miles in width. This crater typically holds a lava lake that has varied between 2,000 and 10,660 feet in depth. It is not known how long this volcano has been active, but at least 34 eruptions have been recorded since 1882. Mount...

Galeras
2014-08-28 10:56:28

Galeras is a stratovolcano that is located in Nariño, a Colombian controlled territory. This volcano, which reaches a height of 14,029 feet, is highly active and the most active volcano in Colombia. It primarily contains andesite and holds two calderas that were created by eruptions in the past 560,000 years. Although it is shaped like a horseshoe, eruptions have caused a cone shaped structure to build up in one of the calderas. It was labeled a Decade Volcano in 1991, despite its recent...

Hualālai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Zubair Group
2014-04-10 10:08:46

Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down, followed by a period of explosive and effusive eruptions that formed the islands that are present...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

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Word of the Day
malpais
  • The ragged surface of a lava-flow.
'Malpais' translates from Spanish as 'bad land.'