Latest Volcano Stories
One team of researchers has uncovered the factors that determine the frequency and magnitude of volcanic activity, while another has identified the triggers for the rare and explosive eruptions experienced by supervolcanoes, according to studies currently appearing in the advanced online edition of the journal Nature Geoscience.
GSA Bulletin articles posted online ahead of print on 6 and 13 December 2013 cover earthquake hazards of the Santa Barbara suburban area; apatite and the skeletons of early animals; the peculiar geological features of Faial (Azores, Portugal); the nature of Mount Rainier; the origin of Pearya terrane, Canada; a re-interpretation of the Chilhowee Group of the Appalachian Blue Ridge; and more.
A supervolcano located in Yellowstone National Park is much larger than previously thought, according to research presented at the American Geophysical Union last week.
Geologists from Brigham Young University in Utah have found evidence of a massive supervolcano near the Utah-Nevada border that had a massive eruption around 30 million years ago. It was 5,000 times larger than the Mount St. Helens eruption in 1980.
Mysterious green lightning, seen emerging from an ash cloud in images of a May 2008 volcanic eruption in Chile, is likely more common than we realize.
At the end of the Permian period, approximately 250 million years ago, a mass extinction occurred that was so severe it remains the most traumatic known species die-off in Earth's history.
Researchers have discovered a volcano located beneath roughly one kilometer of ice in western Antarctica, and they believe that the heat it produces could increase the rate of ice loss from one of the region’s primary ice streams.
By analyzing basalt, a substance formed from cooling lava, a team of European scientists have gained new insight into how the Earth’s core, crust and atmosphere formed, as well as how volcanic activity originated.
The integration of Pangea that began during the early Permian period may have caused the environment to deteriorate, playing a role in the mass extinction event that occurred 250 million years ago.
Nyamuragira is an active shield volcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano, which is part of the Virunga Mountains, reaches an elevation of 10,033 feet and is the most active volcano in Africa. This volcano is shorter than Nyiragongo, which it shares an area with, and has a low shield profile. It holds a large amount of sulfur dioxide and is blamed for much of the volcano related sulfur dioxide content in the atmosphere. Nyamuragira has erupted over forty...
Mount Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano is part of the Virunga Mountains and is located in Virunga National Park. It reaches an elevation of 11,385 feet and has a crater that reaches 1.2 miles in width. This crater typically holds a lava lake that has varied between 2,000 and 10,660 feet in depth. It is not known how long this volcano has been active, but at least 34 eruptions have been recorded since 1882. Mount...
Galeras is a stratovolcano that is located in Nariño, a Colombian controlled territory. This volcano, which reaches a height of 14,029 feet, is highly active and the most active volcano in Colombia. It primarily contains andesite and holds two calderas that were created by eruptions in the past 560,000 years. Although it is shaped like a horseshoe, eruptions have caused a cone shaped structure to build up in one of the calderas. It was labeled a Decade Volcano in 1991, despite its recent...
Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...
Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down, followed by a period of explosive and effusive eruptions that formed the islands that are present...
- To swell, as grain or wood with water.
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