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Latest Volcanoes of Iceland Stories

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2014-09-28 06:00:25

Rob Gutro, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center A joint NOAA/NASA satellite is one of several satellites providing valuable information to aviators about volcanic hazards. An aviation "orange" alert was posted on August 18, 2014, for Bárðarbunga, a stratovolcano located under the Vatnajökull glacier in Iceland, indicating the “volcano shows heightened or escalating unrest with increased potential of eruption.” Much of the information leading to that alert came from satellites...

Iceland's Basalt Pillars Not From Warring Trolls, As Folk Legend Has It
2014-02-04 13:18:11

[ Watch the Video: Trolls Not Responsible For Iceland's Basalt Pillars ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Icelandic trolls are not responsible for shaping the basalt pillars found on the island, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. Folklore says that mysterious basalt pillars found in Iceland were created by a pair of angry trolls who hurled rocks at one another. However, the new study says that these...

Improving Volcanic Ash Forecasts For Aviation Safety
2013-10-26 05:29:46

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Frequent travelers can agree that flight delays are all too familiar these days. NASA is looking into a potentially dangerous, though much less frequent, problem that has recently caused major disruptions in flight schedules: volcanic eruptions. Ash and tiny, jagged particles are expelled from explosive volcanic eruptions. These particulates can be blown thousands of miles away from their source and are dangerous to airplanes,...

Volcano Monitoring Program Searches Iceland For Early Signs Of Eruptions
2013-05-23 13:49:01

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A new collaborative project called FutureVolc is aimed at trying to improve monitoring of Iceland's volcanoes. FutureVolc started October 1, 2012 and is funded by the Environmental/FP7 program of the European Commission. The project says its main objectives are to establish an integrated volcano monitoring system through European collaboration, develop new methods to evaluate volcanic crises, increase scientific understanding of...

Iceland's Hekla Volcano Shows Signs Of Activity, No Eruption Imminent
2013-03-27 11:18:32

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of Iceland´s most active volcanoes, Hekla, has been showing signs of potential activity as of late, prompting National Commissioner of the Icelandic Police to declare an “uncertainty phase” for the snow-capped peak. Geologists at the Icelandic Met Office reported unusual seismic activity on the mountain over the past two to three weeks, but said there was no sign that an eruption was imminent. The...

The Smell Of Grímsvötn
2012-09-05 12:11:57

While piloting a commercial transatlantic flight last year, Captain Klaus Sievers and his crew got a whiff of an unusual odor. In a confined space 10 km up in the air, there was only one thing it could be. The foul smell with traces of sulphur in the cockpit came from none other than the Grímsvötn volcano that was spewing gas and ash from southeast Iceland. Sulphur dioxide often indicates volcanic ash, and the presence of ash in the atmosphere can endanger jet...

2012-09-04 23:14:08

Exposure to volcanic ash can increase respiratory symptoms such as an extreme cough, or phlegm, according to a new study. The research, which will be presented today (4 September 2012) at the European Respiratory Society's Annual Congress in Vienna, investigated the effects of living close to the Icelandic Volcano, Eyjafjallajökull. Eyjafjallajökull erupted in April 2010 and created a huge ash cloud which spread across Europe, causing widespread disruption to...

Potential Eruption In Iceland Could Pump Acid Into European Airspace
2012-06-12 15:11:11

A modern recurrence of an extraordinary type of volcanic eruption in Iceland could inject large quantities of hazardous gases into North Atlantic and European flight corridors, potentially for months at a time, a new study suggests. Using computer simulations, researchers are investigating the likely atmospheric effects if a “flood lava” eruption took place in Iceland today. Flood lava eruptions, which stand out for the sheer amounts of lava and sulfurous gases they release and...

Another Icelandic Volcano Threatening Eruption
2011-10-16 04:42:55

An Icelandic volcano, dubbed by Daily Mirror reporter Mike Swain as "one of the most feared volcanoes in the world," could be close to a major eruption that would "dwarf" those originating from the nearby Eyjafjallajokull last year. In 2010, the Eyjafjallajokull eruptions created an ash cloud which left planes grounded, stranded travelers, and ultimately cost the European economy more than $1.5 billion. Even so, that eruption was classified as a minor one. Katla, the volcano currently...

Iceland Keeps Eye On Katla Volcano After Tremors
2011-09-07 09:33:03

  Iceland´s Katla volcano has been the site of small but increasing earthquake activity but scientists said Tuesday there is no immediate concern that the increased seismic activity will trigger a dangerous eruption. Earthquakes around Katla are common, increases in cluster earthquakes are not, reports the Associated Press (AP). “It´s one of the most feared volcanos, so we´re closely monitoring it,” Pall Einarsson of the University of Iceland told AP's...


Latest Volcanoes of Iceland Reference Libraries

Askja
2014-04-09 16:13:20

Askja is an active stratovolcano that is located in the isolated central highlands in Iceland. It reaches an elevation of 4,974 feet and its name literally means caldera, or box, in the Icelandic language. The area can only be reached during a period of a few months and because it located in the rain shadow of the Vatnajökull glacier to the northeast, it only receives 17.7 inches of rain per year. One of Askja’s smaller craters holds a lake known as Öskjuvatn, which is often frozen over...

Hekla
2014-04-08 13:19:59

Hekla is an active stratovolcano that is located southern Iceland and is part of a volcanic ridge that extends over an area of twenty-five miles. This volcano reaches an elevation of 4,882 feet and holds a unique shape that is a mixture of a stratovolcano and crater row, a trait that is found in very few volcanoes. Its name is translated as “hooded” but it also refers to a hooded cloak, so it is thought that the name could be inspired by the cloud cover that often occurs around the...

Eyjafjallajökull
2014-04-08 13:12:23

Eyjafjallajökull is an active stratovolcano that is located in Iceland and is covered by an icecap. It reaches an elevation of 5,417 feet and the ice cap covers an area of thirty-nine square miles. This volcano sits on a magma chamber that is powered by the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and is comprised of andesite and basaltic lavas. The long name of this volcano is a combination of Icelandic words that mean “islands,” “mountains,” and “icecaps.” Although most of its eruptions are...

Eldfell
2014-04-08 12:54:37

Eldfell is an active stratovolcano that is located in Iceland on the island of Heimaey, in the Vestmannaeyjar archipelago. It reaches an elevation of 656 feet and was created during a volcanic eruption on the east side of the island in 1973. Its name means Mountain of Fire in the Icelandic language. Iceland is an area with a high frequency of volcanic activity because it is located on top of the Iceland hotspot and beside the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. So many eruptions occur here that it is thought...

Grímsvötn
2014-04-08 12:39:42

Grímsvötn is an active subglacial volcano that is located in southeast highlands of Iceland. This volcano reaches an elevation of 5,659 feet and is located in the northwestern side of the Vatnajökull ice-cap. It is comprised of basaltic lava and has the highest frequency of eruptions of any volcano in Iceland. The majority of this volcano resides under Vatnajökull, so its eruptions are primarily subglacial and often cause phreatomagmatic explosions. Grímsvötn produced an eruption in...

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Word of the Day
abrosia
  • Wasting away as a result of abstinence from food.
The word 'abrosia' comes from a Greek roots meaning 'not' and 'eating'.