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Latest Volcanoes of Iceland Stories

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2010-04-21 06:10:00

As airports across Europe reopened Tuesday and the long process of returning thousands of stranded passengers to their homes began, the ongoing fallout of recent volcanic eruptions in Iceland delayed the delivery of polio vaccine to Africa and caused concern that another, more dangerous eruption could soon occur at another nearby volcano. Last Wednesday, the volcano located beneath the Eyjafjallajokull glacier began erupting, spewing ash that covered local farmland, shot as high as 30,000...

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2010-04-17 11:00:00

In the past, volcanic eruptions have had a cooling effect on the Earth's climate, but the recent Icelandic eruption is too small to provide any relief from manmade global warming, scientists said on Friday. The biggest cooling event of the last 30 years was the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, which cooled the Earth's surface by nearly 1 degree Fahrenheit over the following year. This, in turn, was enough to offset the impact of greenhouse gases from 1991 to 1993. The Mount St. Helens...

2010-04-16 12:49:20

If history is any indication, the erupting volcano in Iceland and its immense ash plume could intensify, says a Texas A&M University researcher who has explored Icelandic volcanoes for the past 25 years. Jay Miller, a research scientist in the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program who has made numerous trips to the region and studied there under a Fulbright grant, says the ash produced from Icelandic volcanoes can be a real killer, which is why hundreds of flights from Europe have been...

2010-04-16 12:47:00

The eruption of an Icelandic volcano that sent a huge plume of ash into the atmosphere and caused sweeping disruptions of air traffic over Great Britain and Scandinavia today will likely dissipate in the next several days, according to a University of Colorado at Boulder atmospheric scientist. Professor Brian Toon, chair of CU-Boulder's atmospheric and oceanic sciences department, said the plume created by the eruption of the Eyjafjallajokull Volcano contains tiny rock particles made up of...


Latest Volcanoes of Iceland Reference Libraries

Askja
2014-04-09 16:13:20

Askja is an active stratovolcano that is located in the isolated central highlands in Iceland. It reaches an elevation of 4,974 feet and its name literally means caldera, or box, in the Icelandic language. The area can only be reached during a period of a few months and because it located in the rain shadow of the Vatnajökull glacier to the northeast, it only receives 17.7 inches of rain per year. One of Askja’s smaller craters holds a lake known as Öskjuvatn, which is often frozen over...

Hekla
2014-04-08 13:19:59

Hekla is an active stratovolcano that is located southern Iceland and is part of a volcanic ridge that extends over an area of twenty-five miles. This volcano reaches an elevation of 4,882 feet and holds a unique shape that is a mixture of a stratovolcano and crater row, a trait that is found in very few volcanoes. Its name is translated as “hooded” but it also refers to a hooded cloak, so it is thought that the name could be inspired by the cloud cover that often occurs around the...

Eyjafjallajökull
2014-04-08 13:12:23

Eyjafjallajökull is an active stratovolcano that is located in Iceland and is covered by an icecap. It reaches an elevation of 5,417 feet and the ice cap covers an area of thirty-nine square miles. This volcano sits on a magma chamber that is powered by the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and is comprised of andesite and basaltic lavas. The long name of this volcano is a combination of Icelandic words that mean “islands,” “mountains,” and “icecaps.” Although most of its eruptions are...

Eldfell
2014-04-08 12:54:37

Eldfell is an active stratovolcano that is located in Iceland on the island of Heimaey, in the Vestmannaeyjar archipelago. It reaches an elevation of 656 feet and was created during a volcanic eruption on the east side of the island in 1973. Its name means Mountain of Fire in the Icelandic language. Iceland is an area with a high frequency of volcanic activity because it is located on top of the Iceland hotspot and beside the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. So many eruptions occur here that it is thought...

Grímsvötn
2014-04-08 12:39:42

Grímsvötn is an active subglacial volcano that is located in southeast highlands of Iceland. This volcano reaches an elevation of 5,659 feet and is located in the northwestern side of the Vatnajökull ice-cap. It is comprised of basaltic lava and has the highest frequency of eruptions of any volcano in Iceland. The majority of this volcano resides under Vatnajökull, so its eruptions are primarily subglacial and often cause phreatomagmatic explosions. Grímsvötn produced an eruption in...

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baudekin
  • A rich embroidered or brocaded silk fabric woven originally with a warp of gold thread.
'Baudekin' seems to be an alternative form of 'baldachin,' from the Italian 'Baldacco,' Baghdad, the city where the material was made.
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