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Volcanoes of Iceland Reference Libraries

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Askja
2014-04-09 16:13:20

Askja is an active stratovolcano that is located in the isolated central highlands in Iceland. It reaches an elevation of 4,974 feet and its name literally means caldera, or box, in the Icelandic language. The area can only be reached during a period of a few months and because it located in the rain shadow of the Vatnajökull glacier to the northeast, it only receives 17.7 inches of rain per...

Hekla
2014-04-08 13:19:59

Hekla is an active stratovolcano that is located southern Iceland and is part of a volcanic ridge that extends over an area of twenty-five miles. This volcano reaches an elevation of 4,882 feet and holds a unique shape that is a mixture of a stratovolcano and crater row, a trait that is found in very few volcanoes. Its name is translated as “hooded” but it also refers to a hooded cloak, so...

Eyjafjallajkull
2014-04-08 13:12:23

Eyjafjallajökull is an active stratovolcano that is located in Iceland and is covered by an icecap. It reaches an elevation of 5,417 feet and the ice cap covers an area of thirty-nine square miles. This volcano sits on a magma chamber that is powered by the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and is comprised of andesite and basaltic lavas. The long name of this volcano is a combination of Icelandic words that...

Eldfell
2014-04-08 12:54:37

Eldfell is an active stratovolcano that is located in Iceland on the island of Heimaey, in the Vestmannaeyjar archipelago. It reaches an elevation of 656 feet and was created during a volcanic eruption on the east side of the island in 1973. Its name means Mountain of Fire in the Icelandic language. Iceland is an area with a high frequency of volcanic activity because it is located on top of...

Grmsvtn
2014-04-08 12:39:42

Grímsvötn is an active subglacial volcano that is located in southeast highlands of Iceland. This volcano reaches an elevation of 5,659 feet and is located in the northwestern side of the Vatnajökull ice-cap. It is comprised of basaltic lava and has the highest frequency of eruptions of any volcano in Iceland. The majority of this volcano resides under Vatnajökull, so its eruptions are...

Katla Volcano
2014-04-08 11:22:12

Katla Volcano, also known simply as Katla, is an active subglacial volcano that is located in southern Iceland. It reaches an elevation of 4,961 feet and encompasses an area of 230 square miles, making it one of the largest volcanoes in Iceland. Its caldera reaches a diameter of six miles and it is occasionally somewhat covered by the Mýrdalsjökull glacier. The volcano was named for its...

Word of the Day
holluschickie
  • A 'bachelor seal'; a young male seal which is prevented from mating by its herd's older males (mated bulls defending their territory).
This comes from the Russian word for 'bachelors.'
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