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Latest Volcanology Stories

2013-07-23 12:35:54

Scientists at the University of Bonn simulate that seismic waves can be focused like in a parabolic reflector In 2006 the island of Java, Indonesia was struck by a devastating earthquake followed by the onset of a mud eruption to the east, flooding villages over several square kilometers and that continues to erupt today. Until now, researchers believed the earthquake was too far from the mud volcano to trigger the eruption. Geophysicists at the University of Bonn, Germany and ETH Zurich,...

Earth's Origins May Be Explained Through Mantle's 'Hidden Flux'
2013-07-17 14:46:32

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the more popular theories surrounding the formation of the planets involves the countless collisions of smaller objects in orbit around the sun 4.5 billion years ago. However, proponents of that theory are missing one thing: the Earth's chemical composition is distinctly different from the meteors that are currently striking the planet. Scientists have found that the lead-uranium ratio of meteors is much different than that of...

Volcanoes Like To Scream Out Before They Blow Their Lids
2013-07-15 13:47:55

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists often detect a series of small earthquakes just before a volcanic eruption and a new study published in the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research has shown that these tremors can happen in such a rapid succession -- that they create sound vibrations that rise in pitch until the volcano erupts. The study authors came to their conclusion by looking at the March 2009 eruption of Alaska's Redoubt Volcano, which was...

Corn Syrup Model Predicts Yellowstone Geophysical Behavior
2013-07-15 11:07:37

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In an experiment that could be described as a science fair exhibit on steroids, researchers from Australia and the United States have created a model explaining the geophysical processes occurring in the Pacific Northwest using corn syrup, fiberglass and a series of pistons. Before computer models were generated using state-of-the-art processing power, scientists relied on simple models made from everyday materials. According to the...

Global Distribution Of Sulfur Particles Following Large Eruptions Modeled By GEOMAR Researchers
2013-07-08 10:29:07

GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel How severely have volcanoes contaminated the atmosphere with sulfur particles in past millennia? To answer this question, scientists use ice cores, among others, as climate archives. But the results differ, particularly in some major volcanic major events of the past, depending on whether the cores come from Antarctica or Greenland. Atmospheric scientists from the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel and the Max Planck Institute...

ESA Images Mars Largest Volcano
2013-07-05 12:20:47

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Recently released images from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Mars Express revealed new details of the largest known volcano in our solar system, Olympus Mons. The inactive Martian volcano rises to approximately 22,000 feet above the surrounding plain, which is more than twice the height of Earth's 10,000-foot high Mauna Kea volcano. Like Mauna Kea, Olympus Mons is a shield volcano, with gently sloping sides that extend outward in...

American Museum Of Natural History To Preserve Lonesome George
2013-07-03 11:50:35

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Lonesome George, a 100-year-old giant tortoise that once lived on the Galapagos Islands, is going to be preserved by the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. Scientists made the surprising discovery of Lonesome George on Pinta Island in 1972. They had thought his species, Geochelone nigra abingdoni, was already extinct before then. The famous tortoise passed away in June 2012, found lifeless near his favorite watering...

Human Influences Endangering Galapagos Sea Lions
2013-07-01 09:35:06

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Like all biological functions, the immune system places demands on an organism and a new study in the journal PLoS ONE has found the highly active immune systems of some endangered Galapagos sea lions are stressing the animals to the point of starvation. In the study, the researchers compared two sea lion populations living within the archipelago: those near the human populated Islands of San Cristobal and those living by the...


Latest Volcanology Reference Libraries

Arenal Volcano
2014-08-28 11:31:44

Arenal Volcano, also known as Volcán Arenal, is an active stratovolcano that is located in northwestern Costa Rica. It can be found in Arenal Volcano National Park and was one of Costa Rica’s most active volcanoes until 2010. This volcano has a small crater and several eruptive vents and is the youngest of all active volcanoes in Costa Rica. Arenal Volcano has produced some violent eruptions, including the eruption of 1968, which covered three villages, killed eighty-seven people, and...

Mount Nyiragongo
2014-08-28 11:22:30

Mount Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano is part of the Virunga Mountains and is located in Virunga National Park. It reaches an elevation of 11,385 feet and has a crater that reaches 1.2 miles in width. This crater typically holds a lava lake that has varied between 2,000 and 10,660 feet in depth. It is not known how long this volcano has been active, but at least 34 eruptions have been recorded since 1882. Mount...

2014-08-28 11:14:31

Nevado del Ruiz, also known as La Mesa de Herveo, is an active stratovolcano that is located along the border of the Colombian territories, or departments, of Caldas and Tolima. It reaches an elevation of 17,457 and is shaped like a cone. This volcano is protected within Los Nevados National Natural Park, along with many other volcanoes, and it is a popular tourist destination. Winter activities like skiing are conducted here as well as hiking and fishing. Nevado del Ruiz is part of the...

Galeras
2014-08-28 10:56:28

Galeras is a stratovolcano that is located in Nariño, a Colombian controlled territory. This volcano, which reaches a height of 14,029 feet, is highly active and the most active volcano in Colombia. It primarily contains andesite and holds two calderas that were created by eruptions in the past 560,000 years. Although it is shaped like a horseshoe, eruptions have caused a cone shaped structure to build up in one of the calderas. It was labeled a Decade Volcano in 1991, despite its recent...

Paektu Mountain
2014-08-28 10:46:25

Paektu Mountain, also known as Baektu Mountain or Changbai Mountain, is an active stratovolcano that is located along the border of China and North Korea. At an elevation of 9,003 feet, it is the tallest peak on the Korean Peninsula and in northeastern China, as well as the tallest peak in the Baekdudaegan and Changbai mountain ranges. The volcano is a popular tourist area for many South Koreans and foreign travelers. Paektu Mountain is a cone shaped volcano that holds a large caldera that...

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Word of the Day
malpais
  • The ragged surface of a lava-flow.
'Malpais' translates from Spanish as 'bad land.'