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Volcanology Reference Libraries

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Huallai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one...

Jabal al-Tair Island
2014-04-10 11:56:15

Jabal al-Tair Island, known by many other names including Tair Island and Jebel Teir, is a volcanic island that is located in the Red Sea and is under the jurisdiction of Yemen. It reaches an elevation of 801 feet and is about 1.9 miles in length. The island is comprised of Jabal al-Tair, a stratovolcano that was considered extinct in 1982, although it erupted in 2007. In 1900, the British...

Mauna Kea
2014-04-10 11:49:35

Mauna Kea is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 13,803 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island and is thought to be about one million years old. Mauna Kea, like all Hawaiian volcanoes, was created when the Pacific tectonic plate passed over a volcanic hotspot. The Hawaiian volcanoes, which extend over an area known as...

Zubair Group
2014-04-10 10:08:46

Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down,...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted...

Haleakal
2014-04-09 16:28:16

Haleakalā, also known as the East Maui Volcano, is a possibly active shield volcano that is located in Hawaii and actually comprises 75 percent of the island of Maui. Its name means house of the sun in the Hawaiian language and local legend says that the crater was the home of the demigod Māui’s grandmother, who helped him to force the sun to move slowly over the course of the day in order...

Askja
2014-04-09 16:13:20

Askja is an active stratovolcano that is located in the isolated central highlands in Iceland. It reaches an elevation of 4,974 feet and its name literally means caldera, or box, in the Icelandic language. The area can only be reached during a period of a few months and because it located in the rain shadow of the Vatnajökull glacier to the northeast, it only receives 17.7 inches of rain per...

Volcn Tacan
2014-04-09 11:04:28

Volcán Tacaná, also known as Volcán Tacina in Mexico, the Tacaná Volcano, or simply Tacaná, is an active stratovolcano that is located in the San Marcos Department of Guatemala and in the Cacahoatán and Unión Juárez Municipalities of Chiapas, a Mexican state. It reaches an elevation of 13,320 feet and is part of the Central America Volcanic Arc. It is one of many volcanoes in the...

Santa Mara Volcano
2014-04-09 10:58:40

Santa María Volcano is an active stratovolcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Sierra Madre, a string of volcanoes that stretches across the western side of Guatemala. The volcanoes in this string were formed by subduction activity, when the Cocos Plate moved under the Caribbean Plate. An eruption in 1902 produced a crater that now holds a lava dome known as Santiaguito, which...

Pacaya
2014-04-09 10:53:58

Pacaya is an active complex volcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Central American Volcanic Arc. It reaches and elevation of 8,373 feet and is located on a volcanic caldera, along with Lago de Amatitlán, that has been the cause of at least nine large explosive eruptions in the past 300,000 years. Its edifice collapsed about 1,100 years ago, producing a landslide that traveled...

Word of the Day
toccata
  • In music, a work for a keyboard-instrument, like the pianoforte or organ, originally intended to utilize and display varieties of touch: but the term has been extended so as to include many irregular works, similar to the prelude, the fantasia, and the improvisation.
This word is Italian in origin, coming from the feminine past participle of 'toccare,' to touch.
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