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Latest W. M. Keck Observatory Stories

Photosynthesis Measurements From Space
2014-03-25 10:22:18

Carnegie Institution Plants convert energy from sunlight into chemical energy during a process called photosynthesis. This energy is passed on to humans and animals that eat the plants, and thus photosynthesis is the primary source of energy for all life on Earth. But the photosynthetic activity of various regions is changing due to human interaction with the environment, including climate change, which makes large-scale studies of photosynthetic activity of interest. New research from a...

earliest galaxy ever found
2013-11-01 14:54:20

[ Watch the Video: Lucky Find For Astronomers - Most Distant, Earliest Galaxy Yet ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using data from the recently conducted survey of the early universe performed by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, an international team led by American astronomers has identified the most distant and earliest galaxy ever detected, according to a recently published report in the journal Nature. Although many other more distant candidates for the...

Astronomers Discover The Most Distant Galaxy Yet In The Universe
2013-10-23 16:48:14

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of Texas and California scientists have discovered the most distant galaxy to date, after searching through a database of nearly 100,000 galaxies imaged by the Hubble Space Telescope as part of the CANDELS survey. Bahram Mobasher and Naveen Reddy of University of California, were part of the team who discovered this distant galaxy. They collaborated on the project with researchers from Texas A&M University, the...

2013-10-23 12:21:42

COLLEGE STATION, Texas, Oct. 23, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Texas A&M University and the University of Texas at Austin may be former football rivals, but the Lone Star State's two research giants have teamed up to detect the most distant spectroscopically confirmed galaxy ever found -- one created within 700 million years after the Big Bang. The research is published in the most recent edition of the journal Nature. "It's exciting to know we're the first people in the...

New Insights Into Big Bang From Keck Observatory
2013-06-06 13:09:02

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online The big bang theory is the leading theory to explain the origin of the Universe. While challengers exist, no other well-developed theory has substantiated itself as a serious contender. But this does not mean that the big bang is without its problems. One issue that has plagued our origins story is the relative abundance of lithium isotopes Li-6 and Li-7 in the oldest observed stars. These atoms would have been...

KELT Discovers Metal-poor Cousin Of Famous Planet
2013-06-05 13:43:05

University of Louisville A scientific team led by University of Louisville doctoral student Karen Collins has discovered a hot Saturn-like planet in another solar system 700 light-years away. Collins announced the discovery of exoplanet KELT-6b Tuesday, June 4, during the American Astronomical Society's national meeting in Indianapolis. Astronomers caught sight of the planet when it passed in front of, or "transited," its host star–and they've since discovered that the planet...

Galaxy Mega Merger Spotted By Herschel And Keck
2013-05-23 04:53:50

Watch the Video: Mega Galaxy Merger ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Around 11 billion years ago, two hungry young galaxies collided and they are now forming a massive galaxy approximately 10 times the size of the Milky Way. The new mega-galaxy, HXMM01, was discovered as part of a UC-Irvine led project conducted with the W.M. Keck Observatory, the Herschel space observatory, and other research facilities around the world. It is extremely rare to capture the...

Auroras On Saturn To Be Closely Monitored
2013-04-16 04:51:56

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team of researchers, in collaboration with University of Leicester planetary scientists, has organized the largest ever observational campaign of Saturn's auroras. To expand our knowledge of the planet's northern lights, a host of space and ground-based telescopes will focus on the ringed gas giant for the month-long project. Scientists from the University's Department of Physics and Astronomy have worked with NASA...

$4 Million Adaptive Optics Fund Completed By Keck Observatory
2013-03-05 12:21:50

W. M. Keck Observatory The W. M. Keck Observatory has successfully completed a $4 million campaign that will give astronomers the most detailed Adaptive Optics images of the cosmos ever created by mankind. Furthermore, the campaign was funded entirely by private philanthropy. The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the W. M. Keck Foundation and The Bob & Renee Parsons Foundation awarded three grants totaling $3.7 million to significantly upgrade the Keck II Laser Guide Star Adaptive...

Window Into Europa’s Ocean Opened By Astronomers
2013-03-05 10:28:13

W. M. Keck Observatory With data collected from the mighty W. M. Keck Observatory, California Institute of Technology (Caltech) astronomer Mike Brown – known as the Pluto killer for discovering a Kuiper-belt object that led to the demotion of Pluto from planetary status – and Kevin Hand from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) have found the strongest evidence yet that salty water from the vast liquid ocean beneath Europa´s frozen exterior actually makes its way to the...


Latest W. M. Keck Observatory Reference Libraries

7_d263877b5eff2577ee5583f6167151f42
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Interferometry -- Interferometry is the applied science of combining two or more input points of a data type, such as optical, and combine these data to form a greater picture based on the combination of the two sources. This technique is the basis for proposed radio telescope arrays, which spread out upon a wide area of hundreds of miles, can together produce a picture with resolution similar or equivalent to a single telescope with the diameter of the combined spread of telescopes. The...

2_e4e4cd750274dbb7a2c72df5f79ced8c2
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Keck Observatory -- From a remote outpost on the summit of Hawaii's dormant Mauna Kea volcano, astronomers at the W.M. Keck Observatory probe the deepest regions of the Universe with unprecedented power and precision. Their instruments are the twin Keck Telescopes, the world's largest optical and and infrared telescopes. Each stands eight stories tall and weighs 300 tons, yet operates with nanometer precision. At the heart of each Keck Telescope is a revolutionary primary mirror. Ten...

2_d02784f658abe9cb0fd71aa8a25746232
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Mauna Kea Observatories -- Hawaii is Earth's connecting point to the rest of the Universe. The summit of Mauna Kea on the Island of Hawaii hosts the world's largest astronomical observatory, with telescopes operated by astronomers from eleven countries. The combined light-gathering power of the telescopes on Mauna Kea is fifteen times greater than that of the Palomar telescope in California -- for many years the world's largest -- and sixty times greater than that of the Hubble Space...

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