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Latest Weak gravitational lensing Stories

shutterstock_76999777
2012-07-10 13:19:20

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For the first time, scientists have detected part of the invisible dark matter skeleton of the universe, where over half of all matter is believed to reside. The discovery confirms a key prediction in the theory of how the universe's current web-like structure came to be. The map of the known universe shows that most galaxies are organized into clusters, but some are situated along filaments that connect to the clusters....

Researchers Make Celestial Observation, Despite Astronomical Odds
2012-06-27 05:19:07

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com Astronomers were able to beat the odds by observing gravitational lensing taking place at 10 billion light-years away from Earth. Gravitational lensing is the bending of light from a distant galaxy, and it has never been observed behind a cluster at this range before. The giant arc is the stretched shape of a more distant galaxy whose light is distorted by the cluster's powerful gravity. Astronomers reported in the July 10 issue of The Astrophysical...

Astronomers Find Cosmic Lenses With Feeding Black Holes
2012-03-16 02:50:20

In space, it sometimes happens that two galaxies are aligned in just the right way that the closer galaxy distorts and magnifies the appearance of the one behind it. For astronomers, finding these alignments is like coming across giant, cosmic magnifying glasses. Now, a team of astronomers, including Daniel Stern from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., has found several rare examples of this phenomenon, called gravitational lensing, in which the foreground galaxy hosts...

Chandra Helps To Capture Elusive Abell 383
2012-03-15 07:51:24

Two teams of astronomers have used data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes to map the distribution of dark matter in a galaxy cluster known as Abell 383, which is located about 2.3 billion light years from Earth. Not only were the researchers able to find where the dark matter lies in the two dimensions across the sky, they were also able to determine how the dark matter is distributed along the line of sight. Dark matter is invisible material that does not emit or...

2012-03-14 22:19:10

Two teams of astronomers have used data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes to map the distribution of dark matter in a galaxy cluster known as Abell 383, which is located about 2.3 billion light years from Earth. Not only were the researchers able to find where the dark matter lies in the two dimensions across the sky, they were also able to determine how the dark matter is distributed along the line of sight. Dark matter is invisible material that does not emit...

Hubble Findings Cast Doubt On Dark Matter Theories
2012-03-03 07:42:50

The discovery of a dark matter mass left behind after what is being called a wreck between massive clusters of galaxies has experts questioning current theories regarding the invisible substance believed to make up more than 80% of the universe. According to a Friday press release from NASA, currently scientists theorize that galaxies should be anchored to dark matter, even in the event of a collision. However, astronomers using information gathered from the Hubble Telescope have...

Hubble Zooms In On Magnified Galaxy
2012-02-03 04:56:53

Thanks to the presence of a natural "zoom lens" in space, NASA's Hubble Space Telescope got a uniquely close-up look at the brightest "magnified" galaxy yet discovered. This observation provides a unique opportunity to study the physical properties of a galaxy vigorously forming stars when the universe was only one-third its present age. A so-called gravitational lens is produced when space is warped by a massive foreground object, whether it is the sun, a black hole or an entire...

Galactic Brightness Helps Build Precision Model Of The Universe
2012-01-12 04:39:50

Berkeley Lab scientists and their Sloan Digital Sky Survey colleagues use galactic brightness to build a precision model of the cosmos Since 2000, the three Sloan Digital Sky Surveys (SDSS I, II, III) have surveyed well over a quarter of the night sky and produced the biggest color map of the universe in three dimensions ever. Now scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy´s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and their SDSS colleagues, working with DOE´s...

When Galaxy Clusters Collide
2012-01-10 15:18:03

A UC Davis graduate student who is leading a study of the collision of galaxy clusters 5 billion light years away discussed the team´s findings today, Jan. 10, in a press briefing at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Austin, Texas. “A galaxy cluster is like a little universe, because it has the same matter composition as the whole universe,” said William Dawson, a Ph.D. candidate in physics. “By studying this little universe, we can learn...

20fdee4c6050daa455f46419bdf8e7aa
2011-06-29 07:57:42

Gravitational Lensing by Clusters of Galaxies Yet another independent line of evidence points to the dominance of dark matter in galaxy clusters. According to Einstein's theory of general relativity, space is curved in the vicinity of strong gravitational fields. One consequence of the warping of space by gravity is that the path of light from background galaxies is bent when it passes near a cluster, in much the same way that a glass lens will bend light. The images of the galaxies are...


Latest Weak gravitational lensing Reference Libraries

45_ea0b4f3c063ef1aeec4ef6fed79a5d9d
2010-09-07 17:31:13

The Bullet Cluster is made up of two colliding clusters galaxies. According to a 2006 study, the Bullet Cluster also shows the best evidence for the existence of Dark Matter. From observations of galaxy cluster collisions it has been found that many show displacement between their center of visible matter and their gravitational potential. Each component, stars, gas, and dark matter, within a cluster pair behaves differently during a collision allowing for each to be studied separately....

6_fec4ca0e97baf4ce0833c41b1e6be5e62
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Gravitational Lens -- A gravitational lens is formed when the light from a very distant, bright object (such as a quasar) is "bent" around a massive object (such as a massive galaxy) between the bright object and the viewer. The process is known as gravitational lensing, and was one of the predictions made by Einstein's general relativity. Description In a gravitational lens, the gravity from the massive object bends light as a lens might. As a result, the path of the light from a...

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