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Integral Catches Dead Star Exploding In A Blaze Of Glory

Integral Catches Dead Star Exploding In A Blaze Of Glory

European Space Agency Astronomers using ESA’s Integral gamma-ray observatory have demonstrated beyond doubt that dead stars known as white dwarfs can reignite and explode as supernovae. The finding came after the unique signature of gamma...

Latest White dwarf Stories

Hypatia Catalog
2014-08-20 04:20:02

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The largest catalog ever assembled for stellar compositions was unveiled this week by Arizona State University (ASU) alumna Natalie Hinkle. Hinkle, who graduated in 2012 from ASU with a doctorate in astrophysics, named her project the Hypatia Catalog after one of the first female astronomers who lived ~350 AD in Alexandria. The catalog is described in an upcoming issue of The Astronomical Journal. The new catalog is critical to...

illustration of a white dwarf star
2014-08-08 06:55:07

Royal Astronomical Society A research team led by astronomers and astrophysicists at the University of Warwick have found that some of the Universe’s loneliest supernovae are likely created by the collisions of white dwarf stars into neutron stars. Dr Joseph Lyman from the University of Warwick is the lead researcher on the paper, which will appear in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. "Our paper examines so-called 'calcium-rich' transients" says Dr Lyman....

zombie star after supernova
2014-08-07 07:21:49

Felicia Chou, NASA Headquarters and Donna Weaver / Ray Villard, Space Telescope Science Institute Using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, a team of astronomers has spotted a star system that could have left behind a “zombie star” after an unusually weak supernova explosion. A supernova typically obliterates the exploding white dwarf, or dying star. On this occasion, scientists believe this faint supernova may have left behind a surviving portion of the dwarf star -- a sort of zombie...

2014-08-06 12:22:15

WASHINGTON, Aug. 6, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, a team of astronomers has spotted a star system that could have left behind a "zombie star" after an unusually weak supernova explosion. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO A supernova typically obliterates the exploding white dwarf, or dying star. On this occasion, scientists believe this faint supernova may have left behind a surviving portion of the dwarf star -- a sort of...

white dwarf star in V407 Cygni
2014-07-31 16:20:44

J.D. Harrington, NASA Headquarters Observations by NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope of several stellar eruptions, called novae, firmly establish these relatively common outbursts almost always produce gamma rays, the most energetic form of light. "There's a saying that one is a fluke, two is a coincidence, and three is a class, and we're now at four novae and counting with Fermi," said Teddy Cheung, an astrophysicist at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, and the lead...

Astronomers May Have Found Coldest, Faintest White Dwarf Ever
2014-06-23 14:57:23

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using data from three different telescopes, a large international team of astronomers has identified what could be the coldest, faintest while dwarf ever, according to a new report in the Astrophysical Journal. The report said the temperature of the stellar vestige is so low, the carbon it contains has probably undergone crystallization, a process that results in the formation of a diamond here on Earth. “It’s a really...

Astronomers Discover Bizarre Type Of Hybrid Star
2014-06-05 03:57:41

CU-Boulder In a discovery decades in the making, scientists have detected the first of a “theoretical” class of stars first proposed in 1975 by physicist Kip Thorne and astronomer Anna Żytkow. Thorne-Żytkow objects (TŻOs) are hybrids of red supergiant and neutron stars that superficially resemble normal red supergiants, such as Betelgeuse in the constellation Orion. They differ, however, in their distinct chemical signatures that result from unique activity in their stellar...

Pulsating X-rays Allow XMM-Newton To Reveal A Mysterious Star
2014-06-04 03:32:58

ESA XMM-Newton has revealed a unique star. It is a celestial chimera with the body of a normal massive star yet the magnetic field of a dead, stellar dwarf. This makes it a singular object among the billions of known stars. The race is now on to understand why it behaves in this way because the work hints at an unanticipated link between the deep interior of a star and the surrounding atmosphere. The star is known only by its catalogue designation, Xi1 Canis Majoris. It lies some...

artist impression of debris around a white dwarf star
2014-03-27 08:16:01

University of Leicester and The Royal Astronomical Society New theory advanced for how collapsed stars become polluted -- pointing to ominous fate that awaits planet Earth A decades old space mystery has been solved by an international team of astronomers led by Professor Martin Barstow of the University of Leicester and President-elect of the Royal Astronomical Society. Scientists from the University of Leicester and University of Arizona investigated hot, young, white dwarfs —...

Computer Simulations Reveal The Destruction Of A Star As It Falls Into A Black Hole
2014-02-19 05:24:10

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Exploring the universe's most violent events using computer simulations is what Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz does. So in 2012, when the first detailed observations of a star being ripped apart by a black hole were reported in Nature, Ramirez-Ruiz was eager to compare the data to his simulations. This was especially true because he doubted one of the published conclusions: that the disrupted star was a rare helium star. "I was sure it was a...


Latest White dwarf Reference Libraries

6_c21be0ecb1b565a9be109a383c38223f2
2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

6_dac4e7d6b8fb5cf3a1458d796b90d7a92
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Stellar Evolution -- Stellar evolution is the process of formation, life, and death of stars. It is one of the major topics of cosmogony. Star Birth and Life A star starts out as an enormous cloud of gas and dust many light-years across. Star formation begins when the cloud begins to condense under its own gravity. The processes that initiate this contraction are not fully understood. The cloud fragments fuse into stellar mass clouds known as protostars. Protostars do not emit...

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f4
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Nova -- A nova is an enormous nuclear explosion caused by the accretion of hydrogen onto the surface of a white dwarf star. When a white dwarf has a close companion star, the companion will often begin to have its outer atmosphere drawn away from it by the white dwarf's gravity as the companion star ages and expands into a red giant. The gases so captured consist primarily of hydrogen and helium, the two principle constituents of matter in the universe. The gases are compacted on the...

6_f1577ee462b741c03ef6a7d23d2cd6904
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Cataclysmic Variable Star -- Cataclysmic variables are a class of binary stars containing a white dwarf and a companion star. The companion star is usually a red dwarf, although in some cases it is another white dwarf or a slightly evolved star (subgiant). Several hundreds of cataclysmic variables are known. From the observational viewpoint, cataclysmic variables are relatively easy to discover. They are usually quite blue objects, as the majority of stars are red. The variability of...

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Word of the Day
monteith
  • A large punch-bowl of the eighteenth century, usually of silver and with a movable rim, and decorated with flutings and a scalloped edge. It was also used for cooling and carrying wine-glasses.
  • A kind of cotton handkerchief having white spots on a colored ground, the spots being produced by a chemical which discharges the color.
This word is possibly named after Monteith (Monteigh), 'an eccentric 17th-century Scotsman who wore a cloak scalloped at the hem.'
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