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Zoology Reference Libraries

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Northern Crested Newt Triturus cristatus
2013-10-07 13:36:15

The Northern Crested Newt (Triturus cristatus), known also as the Great Crested Newt or Warty Newt, is a newt belonging to the family Salamandridae found across Europe and parts of Asia. Its range extends from Great Britain and Brittany in the west across much of Europe north of the Alps and the Black Sea. It’s the biggest and least common of the three newts found in the British Isles and...

Red Rail Aphanapteryx bonasia
2013-10-02 13:35:50

The Red Rail (Aphanapteryx bonasia) is an extinct and flightless rail. It was native to the Mascarene island of Mauritius, east of Madagascar within the Indian Ocean. It had a close relative on Rodrigues Island, the likewise extinct Rodrigues Rail, with which it’s sometimes considered congeneric. Its relationship with other rail isn’t clear. Rails frequently evolve flightlessness when...

Ichthyology
2013-10-02 13:31:45

Ichthyology is the study of fish that focuses on many types of fish including cartilaginous fish, jawless fish, and skeletal fish. This branch of zoology can be associated with marine biology and fisheries science, as well as other areas of study. Ichthyologists, those who practice ichthyology, have discovered more than 32,200 species of fish, and it is thought that they discover 250 new...

Primatology
2013-10-02 13:00:50

Primatology is the study of primates that focuses on their behaviors and possible evolution. Those who practice this science, known as primatologists, focus on primates in the wild and in laboratory settings. There are many different sub-divisions of primatology that differ based on methodology and theory, but the two major branches are Western primatology and Japanese primatology. There share...

Cetology
2013-10-02 11:21:29

Cetology is a branch of marine mammal science that studies about eighty species of dolphins, whales, and porpoise, all of which are classified within the Cetacea order. Cetologists, who practice cetology, work to understand the distribution, development, behavior, and other aspects of cetaceans. The study of cetaceans began in the Classical era. About 2,300 years ago, Aristotle documented...

Conchology
2013-10-02 11:16:44

Conchology, a branch of malacology, is the study of mollusk shells including seashells, freshwater and land mollusk shells, and gastropod operculums. Conchologists, those who practice conchology, study the shells four main groups of mollusks including bivalves and gastropods as wells as chitons and tusk shells. The study of mollusk is shells is sometimes thought to be outdated, because a...

Nematology
2013-09-30 13:49:26

Nematology is the study of nematodes, also known as roundworms, which first began in the nineteenth century. Like many fields of study, nematology began with ancient recordings and descriptions lacked elements of modern science. The oldest record of a nematode occurs in the Pentateuch in the fourth book of Moses known as Numbers. The reference, although not plainly stating roundworms or...

Ethology
2013-09-30 13:43:45

Ethology, a sub-topic of zoology, is the study of animal behavior that focuses on behavior in natural settings, as opposed to behaviourism, which focuses on the behavior of animals in laboratory settings. The term “ethology” is based off the Greek word ethos, which means character. It was first made popular in 1902 by William Morton Wheeler, an American myrmecologist, but the term was...

Paleozoology
2013-09-30 13:34:57

Paleozoology, also spelled Palaeozoology, is a branch of many other sciences including zoology and paleontology that focuses on recovering cellular matter from animal remains that are large enough to be seen without the help of a microscope, known as macrofossils. This study is primarily used in the context of archeology and geology and aids in recreating ancient ecosystems and prehistoric...

Zooarchaeology
2013-09-30 13:29:48

Zooarchaeology is the study of animal remains including shells, bones, hides, scales, DNA, chitin, and hair. Shells and bones are most frequently studied because these do not decay at a fast rate, but most remains do not survive because they break or decompose. In eastern areas of North America, Zooarchaeology developed over three periods. The first, known as the Formative period, occurred in...

Word of the Day
aphotic
  • Having no light.
  • Of or relating to the region of a body of water that is not reached by sunlight and in which photosynthesis is unable to occur.
The word 'aphotic' comes from Greek roots meaning 'without' and 'light'.
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