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Latest Zoonoses Stories

New Virus In Bats May Hold Key To Hendra Virus
2012-08-03 11:30:53

Australian scientists have discovered a new virus in bats that could help shed light on how Hendra and Nipah viruses cause disease and death in animals and humans. The new virus - named 'Cedar' after the Queensland location where it was discovered - is a close relative of the deadly Hendra and Nipah viruses. However, CSIRO's initial studies have discovered one surprising key difference - the Cedar virus does not cause illness in several animal species normally susceptible to Hendra and...

2012-08-02 06:24:47

Treatment with JPM-TMTFunded AVI-7288 Shows Significant Survival Rates Even When Administered up to Four Days Post Infection FORT BELVOIR, Va., Aug. 2, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A new study testing a drug candidate to treat Marburg virus demonstrated significant survival rates up to four days after exposure to the disease. Referred to as AVI-7288, the drug is a post-exposure prophylactic targeting the Marburg virus which may cause hemorrhagic fever, a severe, life-threatening...

Amazonians Exposed To Vampire Bat Bites Have Natural Immunity To Rabies
2012-08-02 10:35:19

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online US scientists studying indigenous tribes in the Amazon have found six native Peruvian Amazonians who, after being bitten by rabid vampire bats, suffered no ill effects. Rabies infections from vampire bat bites are quite common in the Amazon region. And in many of the indigenous tribes, most infections are fatal due to lack of access to proper medical treatment. Rabies attacks the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord)...

2012-08-02 02:22:18

PINE BROOK, N.J., Aug. 2, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Elusys Therapeutics, Inc. (Elusys), a biopharmaceutical company developing countermeasures for biodefense, announced today that it has been awarded additional funding from the U.S. Government, valued at $50.2 million, for the advanced development of ETI-204 (Anthim), an investigational agent for the treatment of anthrax infection following a biowarfare attack. Anthrax is a life-threatening infectious disease caused by the bacterium...

2012-08-01 14:23:10

Take steps to protect yourself and your family ATLANTA, Aug. 1, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is urging people to take steps to prevent West Nile virus infections. Outbreaks of West Nile virus disease occur each summer in the United States. This year, some areas of the country are experiencing earlier and greater activity. Thus far in 2012, 42 states have reported West Nile virus infections in people, birds, or mosquitoes. A total of...

2012-07-20 10:21:54

HUMMELSTOWN, Pa., July 20, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- July is rabies awareness month. Rabies is a deadly disease that affects the nervous system. Transmitted to humans from rabid animals, it's contracted by coming in contact with the saliva or nervous tissue of an infected animal. What most people don't realize is that rabies is nearly always fatal unless immediate medical care is sought. If left untreated, the disease travels from the contact site through the nerves to the brain,...

2012-07-20 00:15:00

Genome research for the health of the poorest of the poor Belgian scientists of the Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) in Antwerp, Belgium made a breakthrough in bridging high tech molecular biology research on microbial pathogens and the needs of the poorest of the poor. After sequencing the complete genome of Leishmania donovani (a parasite causing one of the most important tropical diseases after malaria) in hundreds of clinical isolates, they identified a series of mutations specific...

2012-07-16 02:24:20

JACKSON, N.J., July 16, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- The Lyme Disease Association (LDA) announces that the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, & Human Rights, will hold a hearing 2PM, July 17, 2012, 2172 Rayburn HOB, Washington, DC (Congressman Christopher Smith (NJ), hearing chair). Global Challenges in Diagnosing and Managing Lyme Disease - Closing Knowledge Gaps will be webcast and available live via the Committee website http://www.hcfa.house.gov ....

West Nile Virus May Cause Chronic Kidney Disease
2012-07-13 11:56:33

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Patients who have a history of infection with West Nile virus (WNV) should be screened for chronic kidney disease (CKD), after US researchers have found varying degrees of the life-threatening disease in 40 percent of those patients who also contracted the mosquito-borne illness at an earlier time. Researchers from three organizations -- Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital and The University of Texas Health...

Allie Gardner, graduate student; and Marilyn Ruiz, professor of pathobiology
2012-07-06 12:11:45

Rainfall and temperature affect the abundance of two mosquito species linked to West Nile Virus in storm catch basins in suburban Chicago, two University of Illinois researchers report. Marilyn O´Hara Ruiz, a professor of pathobiology, led the study with graduate student Allison Gardner. The study was conducted using mosquito larvae collected from catch basins in Alsip, a southwest suburb. The researchers examined weather factors that influenced the levels of mosquito larvae in the...


Latest Zoonoses Reference Libraries

Paragonimus westermani
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Paragonimus westermani is a species of fluke, or flatworm that is classified within the Platyhelminthes phylum. This species is abundant in South America and Asia and affects the lungs of humans and other hosts. It was first discovered in 1878 in Europe after two Bengal tigers died. In 1879, Ringer found this species in the lungs of a human. Manson and Erwin von Baelz identified the sputum and eggs separately in 1880, after which Manson asserted that a snail was most likely the worm's...

Eye-worm, Loa loa
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The eye-worm (Loa loa) is a species of roundworm within the Nematoda phylum. It can be found in India and Africa, among other areas. This species causes a disease known as Loa loa filariasis and is one of three species that can cause subcutaneous filariasis in humans. Females are larger than males, reaching an average body length of up to 2.7 inches, with males reaching an average body length of up to 1.3 inches. The first stage of life for the eye-worm begins when an adult worm, which is...

Dog Roundworm, Toxocara canis
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The dog roundworm (Toxocara canis) is a species of parasitic worm that infects canid species. It is yellowish white in color and can reach an average length between 3.5 and 7 inches, with females typically growing large than males. The dog roundworm can be transmitted in four different ways. The most common form of transmission occurs when an egg containing second stage larvae is released onto the ground in feces. Once the egg has been ingested, it will move through the small intestines...

800px-White-footed_Mouse,_Quetico
2012-04-02 20:35:58

The White-footed Mouse, (Peromyscus leucopus), is a species of rodent native to North America. Its range extends from Ontario, Quebec, Labrador and the Maritime Provinces (excluding Newfoundland) south to the southwestern United States and Mexico. In Texas this creature is known as the Woodmouse. The adult of this species measures 3.5 to 3.9 inches in length, not counting the tail, which can measure an additional 2.5 to 3.8 inches. It weighs typically about an ounce. It has a maximum life...

0_86d2284273d6244c9ff290b35cdd2cf2
2011-04-25 21:24:26

Rickettsia rickettsii is a gram-negative bacterium native to the New World and causes the malady known as Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF). It is transmitted through the bit of an infected tick when it feeds on animals and humans. Humans are not necessary hosts in the rickettsia-tick life cycle but they can be. S. Burt Wolbach created the first detailed description of the etiologic agent in 1919. He recognized it as an intracellular bacterium seen most frequently in endothelial cells....

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