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Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 14:14 EDT

Latest Brain Stories

How Brain Makes Toss Up Decisions
2013-12-06 13:48:39

Ranjini Raghunath for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Some decisions are easy, but when you have two equally appealing choices, how does your brain choose between the two? Scientists have long tried to figure out how toss-up decisions, such as what to eat, drink or watch on TV, are made. A new field of study called neuroeconomics uses theories from economics to try and understand how the brain weighs and picks some options over others. Although scientists have known such...

2013-12-06 00:20:48

SILVER SPRING, Md., Dec. 6, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A new white paper from the Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance (TS Alliance), entitled "Vigabatrin-Associated Visual Field Loss (VAVFL): What You Need to Know," was released today at the American Epilepsy Society annual meeting in Washington, DC. The white paper was written by Darcy A. Krueger, MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Clinical Pediatrics and Neurology, Tuberous Sclerosis Clinic, Cincinnati Children's Hospital. Vigabatrin is...

2013-12-06 00:02:19

German researchers gain new insights into the functioning of the brain While the human brain is in a resting state, patterns of neuronal activity which are associated to specific memories may spontaneously reappear. Such recurrences contribute to memory consolidation – i.e. to the stabilization of memory contents. Scientists of the DZNE and the University of Bonn are reporting these findings in the current issue of The Journal of Neuroscience. The researchers headed by Nikolai Axmacher...

Researchers Discover Brain Actually Produces Estrogen Too
2013-12-05 10:53:07

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The brain can produce and release estrogen, according to a new study from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. This discovery could lead to a better understanding of hormonal changes observed from before birth throughout the entire aging process. The study findings, published in the Journal of Neuroscience, reveal that the hypothalamus can directly control reproductive function in rhesus macaques. The researchers suggest that the...

Male Female Brains Complimentary
2013-12-03 08:37:48

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Men and women have ‘striking’ differences in their neural wiring that might explain some of the behavioral differences between the two sexes, according to a study published Monday in the Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences. The study was one of the largest to date to create to compare the connectomes, neural maps of the brain, of men and women. The results revealed that men have far greater neural connectivity from...

2013-12-02 21:28:26

A study investigates the role of the motor system in conceptualization Is it true, as some scientists believe, that to understand words like "spike" (in the volleyball sense) the brain has to "mentally" retrace the sequence of motor commands that accomplish the action? According to a study just published as a cover story in the December issue of Brain Research and conducted with the participation of scientists from SISSA, the International School for Advanced Studies of Trieste, the...

2013-12-02 16:23:25

NEW YORK, Dec. 2, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Age-related cognitive decline and changes in the nervous system are closely linked, but up until recently, they were thought to result from the loss of neurons in areas such as the prefrontal cortex, the part of the brain important in working memory. A series of papers have shown that the "loss of neurons" concept is simply not true. Now, Mount Sinai scientists have begun to look elsewhere, focusing instead on synaptic health in the...

Brain Geotags Memories
2013-11-29 09:35:21

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online On Twitter, users can categorize their post by using a hashtag, which connects the tagged post to all other posts with the same identifier. A new study in the journal Science has found that our brains do something similar, by ‘geotagging’ our memories to a specific location. Using experiments involving study participants navigating through a virtual town, the team of American and German scientists concluded that brain cells encode...

2013-11-27 23:04:12

Keep memories unforgettable this holiday season with Prevagen Extra Strength. Madison, WI (PRWEB) November 27, 2013 Holidays mean spending time with loved ones and nothing is more precious than the memories we create during this special time of the year. In effort to remember each cherished moment this holiday season, Quincy Bioscience, makers of best-selling brain health supplement Prevagen®, is offering a unique Holiday Memory Kit. The Holiday Memory Kit includes a free copy of The...

MR Spectroscopy Shows Brain Differences Of Preterm Infants
2013-11-26 09:16:04

Radiological Society of North America Premature birth appears to trigger developmental processes in the white matter of the brain that could put children at higher risk of problems later in life, according to a study being presented next week at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). Preterm infants—generally those born 23 to 36 weeks after conception, as opposed to the normal 37- to 42-week gestation—face an increased risk of behavioral problems,...


Latest Brain Reference Libraries

Cerebellum
2013-07-29 09:48:00

The cerebellum is a section of the brain that is most in charge of cognitive functions and motor skills. Formation and Orientation The cerebellum can be found at the bottom of the brain behind the pons and below that cerebral cortex under a layer of dura mater. It is considered as a part of the "hindbrain". The cerebellum is anatomically divided into two separate hemispheres, marked by the 'vermis', a small midline zone between the left and right hemispheres. But three lobes can be...

Midbrain
2013-07-25 15:13:23

The midbrain, also known as the mesencephalon is the part of the brain most responsible for vision, motor control, arousal, temperature regulation, alertness and hearing. Formation and Orientation The midbrain is found under the cerebral cortex and above the hindbrain. The mesencephalon is not divided into any other portions of the brain unlike the other two vesicles that stem from the neural tube. There are four separate lobes on the side of the cerebral aqueduct within the...

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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