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Last updated on April 17, 2014 at 1:21 EDT

Latest Brain Stories

Brain Simulation, Big Data, And A New Computing Paradigm
2014-02-17 04:37:28

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Experts from the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland are combining experimental data with the core principles of brain organization in order to create a detailed computer model which will allow them to conduct supercomputer-based simulations of the brain’s inner workings. “Brain simulation allows measurements and manipulations impossible in the lab, opening the road to a new kind of in silico...

MRI Study Shows How The Brain Finds Beauty In Mathematics
2014-02-13 12:39:43

Peter Suciu for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online To many people math is work, often times hard work. Yet for those who appreciate the beauty of mathematics it can activate the same part of the brain that can appreciate great art or music. To those math lovers an aesthetically pleasing formula is art, and this now suggests that there could be a neurobiological basis to beauty. Thus beauty is truly in the eyes of the beholder, and researchers from University College London, Imperial...

Males Differ From Females In Specific Brain Structures
2014-02-12 13:09:03

University of Cambridge Reviewing over 20 years of neuroscience research into sex differences in brain structure, a Cambridge University team has conducted the first meta-analysis of the evidence, published this week in the prestigious journal Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. The team, led by doctoral candidate Amber Ruigrok and Professors John Suckling and Simon Baron-Cohen in the Department of Psychiatry, performed a quantitative review of the brain imaging literature testing...

Research Reveals White Matter 'Scaffold' Of Human Brain
2014-02-11 16:53:41

University of Southern California USC researchers create first map of core white matter connections; find not all brain connections are equally important For the first time, neuroscientists have systematically identified the white matter "scaffold" of the human brain, the critical communications network that supports brain function. Their work, published Feb. 11 in the open-source journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, has major implications for understanding brain injury and...

2014-02-11 10:58:55

New research has revealed a previously unknown mechanism in the body which regulates a hormone that is crucial for motivation, stress responses and control of blood pressure, pain and appetite. The breakthrough could be used to design drugs to help fight health problems connected with these functions in the future. Researchers at the University of Bristol and University College London found that lactate – essentially lactic acid – causes cells in the brain to release more noradrenaline...

2014-02-07 12:51:08

Study in human cells may improve ability to identify useful drug targets In most cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease, a toxin released by cells that normally nurture neurons in the brain and spinal cord can trigger loss of the nerve cells affected in the disease, Columbia researchers reported today in the online edition of the journal Neuron. The toxin is produced by star-shaped cells called astrocytes and kills nearby motor neurons. In ALS, the death...

Spending A Week In Darkness May Improve Hearing Loss
2014-02-06 06:02:44

[ Watch the Video: Lights Out For Your Hearing ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online It has long been known that if you take away once sense from a person, the other four will become more finely tuned. A new study, published in Neuron, reveals that minimizing a person's sight for as little as a week may help improve the brain's ability to process hearing. Stevie Wonder and Ray Charles – both blind musicians – are often cited by music experts as examples of how a...

2014-02-05 23:03:17

Simulated blindness gives adult mice sharper hearing, according to a study published today by University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University scientists. College Park, MD (PRWEB) February 05, 2014 Call it the Ray Charles Effect: a young child who is blind develops a keen ability to hear things others cannot. Researchers have known this can happen in the brains of the very young, which are malleable enough to re-wire some circuits that process sensory information. Now researchers at...

Brain Edits, Splices Past Memories With Current Events
2014-02-05 10:26:18

[ Watch the Video: Brains Edits Past Memories ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online While we may like to think of our brains as a video camera that records events exactly as they happen, a new study from scientists at Northwestern University has found that the brain acts more like an editing studio, cutting and splicing past events based on present circumstances. "When you think back to when you met your current partner, you may recall this feeling of love and...

2014-02-04 23:02:40

A new study proves inactivity detrimentally changes the structure of brain cells impacting heart health. TrekDesk treadmill desk offers a potential preventative solution. Scottsdale, AZ (PRWEB) February 04, 2014 TrekDesk has reported over the years on numerous studies that have shown the positive impact of walking on cognition and overall physical/mental health however a new study available for review in the US National Library of Medicine sheds light on the potential health risks brought...


Latest Brain Reference Libraries

Cerebellum
2013-07-29 09:48:00

The cerebellum is a section of the brain that is most in charge of cognitive functions and motor skills. Formation and Orientation The cerebellum can be found at the bottom of the brain behind the pons and below that cerebral cortex under a layer of dura mater. It is considered as a part of the "hindbrain". The cerebellum is anatomically divided into two separate hemispheres, marked by the 'vermis', a small midline zone between the left and right hemispheres. But three lobes can be...

Midbrain
2013-07-25 15:13:23

The midbrain, also known as the mesencephalon is the part of the brain most responsible for vision, motor control, arousal, temperature regulation, alertness and hearing. Formation and Orientation The midbrain is found under the cerebral cortex and above the hindbrain. The mesencephalon is not divided into any other portions of the brain unlike the other two vesicles that stem from the neural tube. There are four separate lobes on the side of the cerebral aqueduct within the...

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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