Hypothyroidism Diet

Hypothyroidism is a disease where Thyroid hormone levels are lower than what is considered “normal” or “healthy.” As much as 90% of primary hypothyroidism is due to an autoimmune disease known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. This causes one’s immune system to attack the thyroid gland.

The thyroid hormone released from the gland is important for cellular growth and repair, as well as for metabolism. Without these functions, one would start to show symptoms such as, but not limited to, fatigue, excessive weight gain & depression

Hypothyroidism is only found in 1-2% of the world’s population and is more likely to be found in women compared to men.

Important Nutrients & Healthy foods

Certain nutrients such as Iodine, Selenium, and Zinc helps the thyroid gland produce the needed thyroid hormones.

These nutrients can be found in foods such as eggs, all meat and fish types, gluten-free foods, some fruits, and vegetables, as well as in certain non-caffeinated drinks.

Dangerous Nutrients & Foods To Avoid

Foods containing Goitrogens and Gluten prevents the thyroid glands from producing thyroid hormones. Foods containing these nutrients should be avoided or at least consumed in moderation.
Bread, beer, cereals, and pasta are foods that contain high amounts of gluten. Edamame beans, tempeh, and tofu, as well as many other soy food options, are also considered unhealthy choices for people with this disease. Certain vegetables such as Broccoli, spinach & cabbage should also be limited. Beverages that contain caffeine and alcohol should be avoided.

Restoration of the Thyroid gland’s functionality is usually not achieved through diet alone. Patients need to combine a healthy diet with the right medication, often synthetic Thyroid hormones, to help restore a better balance of these hormones in their body.

References

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/hypothyroidism-diet#section6

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